基礎文法3   be動詞

 

什麼是be動詞?

 

be動詞是一種連綴動詞或助動詞。

 

什麼是連綴動詞?

連綴動詞是用來描述主詞的狀態。

 

什麼是助動詞?

助動詞顧名思義是在一個句子裡幫助主要動詞形成時態、語態或語氣等的動詞。

(什麼是主要動詞主要動詞是在一個句子裡敘述或描述主詞的動作、行為或思想。)

 

be動詞當作連綴動詞來使用的時候,後面只能接名詞、代名詞、形容詞、介系詞片語或副詞。

 

[ be動詞 + 名詞 ]

1)   Irene is a good student.

2)  The girl in red is my sister.

3)  Ms. Long is our science teacher.

4)  I am a moviegoer.

5)  It is a sunny day.

6)  It is seven o’clock.

7)  It is today (or tomorrow).

8)  It is this evening.

 

[ be動詞 + 代名詞 ]

1)   Mr. Robertson is one of my friends.

2)  The dictionary on the table is mine.

3)  This is all I want.

4)  No matter my brother stays or leaves, it is all the same to me對我無所謂

 

[ be動詞 + 形容詞 ]

1)   She is very happy.

2)  Mike was late for school yesterday.

3)  I am sorry that I am late.

4)  It is expensive.

5)  It is not cheap.

6)  I am seven years old.

7)  He is ahead of us and not behind.

8)  It is hot today.

 

[ be動詞 + 介系詞片語 ]

1)   Jack Smith is from the U.S.

2)  Tony’s cell phone is on the bed.

3)  Julia’s car is in the garage.

4)  We are in the middle of a circle.

5)  My backpack is over there.

6)  His wife is in New York now. 

7)  Shanghai and Nanjing are in the east of China.

 

[ be動詞 + 副詞 ]

1)   James is not in when I call.

2)  The ferry is not in yet.

3)  Henry was out ten minutes ago. 

4)  He isn’t here.

5)  What do you and your brother do at home when your mom is away?

6)  Her parents are there.

注意:

1)   假若[ be動詞 ]的後面是連接副詞,那些副詞大多是地方與時間副詞。[ be動詞 ]的後面不會連接結尾是[ -ly ]的副詞,

 

至於[ be動詞 ]用在幫助主要動詞形成時態、語態或語氣的說明,請參閱[ 現在式、過去式與未來式 ][ 被動語態 ][ 假設語氣 ]

 

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