基礎文法5  動詞時態 (2)

 

動詞的三個基本時態現在式、過去式與過去分詞。其變化可分規則動詞與不規則動詞二種。 (動詞時態 - 動詞發生的時間與其狀態)

 

一、 動詞規則變化:

現在式                過去式                過去分詞   

1.    原形 + ed

ask                            asked                        asked

look                          looked                      looked

open                         opened                     opened

remember                remembered            remembered

turn                          turned                      turned

visit                          visited                       visited

wait                          waited                      waited

work                         worked                     worked

 

2.   結尾是母音 + y + ed

enjoy                        enjoyed                    enjoyed

play                          played                       played

pray                          prayed                      prayed

stay                          stayed                       stayed

display                      displayed                  displayed

 

3.   結尾是子音 + y  => i + ed

study                        studied                     studied

cry                            cried                         cried

copy                         copied                      copied

reply                         replied                      replied

try                            tried                         tried     

hurry                        hurried                     hurried

worry                       worried                    worried

carry                         carried                      carried

satisfy                       satisfied                    satisfied

 

4.   短母音 + 單子音結尾  => 重複結尾 + ed

      多音節重音結尾  => 重複結尾 + ed

stop                          stopped                    stopped

rub                           rubbed                     rubbed

drop                         dropped                    dropped

beg                           begged                     begged

hop                           hopped                     hopped

skip                           skipped                     skipped

nod                           nodded                     nodded

grab                          grabbed                    grabbed

 

prefer                       preferred                  preferred

refer                         referred                    referred

occur                        occurred                  occurred

omit                         omitted                    omitted

transfer                    transferred               transferred

regret                       regretted                  regretted

 

5.   結尾是e  => + d

bake                         baked                       baked

care                          cared                        cared

like                           liked                         liked

live                            lived                          lived

love                          loved                        loved

hate                          hated                        hated

hope                         hoped                       hoped

dance                        dance                        danced

 

註:動詞規則變化有很多,請大家勤查英文字典。

 

二、 動詞不規則變化:

現在式                過去式                過去分詞   

be                             was, were                 been

do                             did                            done

have                          had                           had

go                             went                         gone

say                            said                           said

buy                           bought                     bought

think                        thought                   thought

bring                        brought                   brought

teach                        taught                      taught

catch                        caught                      caught

tell                            told                          told

eat                            ate                            eaten

find                           found                       found

feel                           felt                            felt

fall                            fell                            fallen

drive                         drove                        driven

break                        broke                       broken

get                           got                           got/gotten

begin                        began                       begun

come                        came                        come

become                    became                    become

fly                             flew                          flown

give                           gave                          given

grow                         grew                         grown

cost                          cost                          cost

cut                            cut                            cut

fit                             fit                             fit

hit                            hit                            hit

hurt                          hurt                          hurt

let                             let                             let

put                           put                           put

shut                          shut                          shut

lose                           lost                           lost

make                        made                        made

meet                         met                          met

pay                           paid                          paid

sit                             sat                            sat

take                          took                         taken

picnic                       picnicked                  picnicked

                                

註:動詞不規則變化也有很多,請大家勤查英文字典。

 

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