014  If 假設語氣 - 4  (倒裝  要不是  莫非   萬一  )

句型 

[與現在事實相反]

If + S1 + were (be動詞) + …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

= Were + S1 + …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

 

[與過去事實相反]

If + S1 + 過去完成式 + …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 現在完成式 + …

= Had + S1 + p.p …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 現在完成式 + …

 

[未來 - 萬一

If + S1 + should + 動詞原形 + …,

S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

= Should + S1 + 動詞原形 + …,

S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

 

1.  假若我是他,我就不會借錢給Vivian

 

2.  假若今天是好天氣,我就會跟朋友出去玩。

 

3.  假若上學期Billy努力用功的話,他的數學就不會不及格。

 

4.  假如我在二十幾歲的時候就懂如何長期投資,十年前我在台北就有房子了。

 

5假如戰爭萬一爆發,數以百萬人將會死亡。

 

6要不是二年前有他父母的財務支援,Sam的公司不可能存活。

 

014  If 假設語氣 - 4  (倒裝  要不是  莫非)

句型 

[與現在事實相反]

If + S1 + were (be動詞) + …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

= Were + S1 + …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

 

[與過去事實相反]

If + S1 + 過去完成式 + …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 現在完成式 + …

= Had + S1 + p.p …,

              S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 現在完成式 + …

 

[未來 - 萬一

If + S1 + should + 動詞原形 + …,

S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

= Should + S1 + 動詞原形 + …,

S2 + (would/could/might/should) + 動詞原形 + …

 

1.  假若我是他,我就不會借錢給Vivian

    If I were him, I wouldnt lend Vivian money.

    = Were I him, I wouldnt lend Vivian money

2.  假若今天是好天氣,我就會跟朋友出去玩。

    If it were a fine day, I would hang out with my friends.

     = Were it a fine day, I would hang out with my friends.

3.  假若上學期Billy努力用功的話,他的數學就不會不及格。

    If Billy had studied hard last semester, he wouldnt have failed his math.

    = Had Billy studied hard last semester, he wouldnt have failed his math.

4.  假如我在二十幾歲的時候就懂如何長期投資,十年前我在台北就有房子了。

     If I had known how to do the long-term investment when I was thirty-something, I could have had a house in Taipei.

     = Had I known how to do the long-term investment when I was thirty-something, I could have had a house in Taipei.

5假如戰爭萬一爆發,數以百萬人將會死亡。

     If a war should break out, tens of millions of innocent people would die.

     = Should a war break out, tens of millions of innocent people would die.

6要不是二年前有他父母的財務支援,Sam的公司不可能存活。

     = If it had not been for his parents’ financial support, Sam’s company couldn’t have survived.

     = Had it not been for his parents’ financial support, Sam’s company couldn’t have survived.

 

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