基礎文法12形容詞比較級與最高級的形成

 

 

1)    一個音節的形容詞

       形容詞原形 + er

       small smaller smallest                    large larger largest

       young younger youngest             old older oldest

       weak weaker weakest                     strong stronger strongest

       tall taller tallest                              low lower lowest

       sweet sweeter sweetest                   cold colder - coldest

       smart smarter smartest                  rich richer - richest       

       cold colder coldest                        kind kinder kindest

       clear clearer clearest                      dear dearer dearest

       poor poorer - pooresr

 

2)   例外 - 1

       clever – cleverer – cleverest                 simple – simpler – simplest

       bitter – bitterer – bitterest                  tender – tenderer - tenderest

 

3)   短母音 + 結尾為子音

       形容詞原形 + 重複結尾字母

       fat fatter fattest                              hot hotter hottest

       fit fitter fittest                                wet wetter wettest

       big bigger biggest                          gut gutter - guttest                       

      

4)   二個音節或二個音節以上的形容詞

       形容詞原形 (more + 容詞原形)

       beautiful more beautiful most beautiful

       careful more careful most careful

       important more important most important

       wonderful more wonderful most wonderful

       powerful more powerful most powerful

       urgent more urgent most urgent

       comfortable more comfortable most comfortable

       reliable more reliable most reliable

       suitable more suitable most suitable

 

 

 

5)   結尾為 e

       形容詞原形 + er

       large larger largest                         wise wiser wisest

       dense denser densest                      fine finer - finest    

 

6)   子音 + 結尾為y

形容詞原形去y + ier

       easy easier easiest                           happy happier happiest

       pretty prettier prettiest                  funny funnier funniest

       lonely lonelier loniest                   early earlier earliest

       angry angrier - angriest                    hungry hungrier - hungriest

       lazy lazier laziest                           

 

7)   母音 + 結尾為y

形容詞原形 + er

       gray grayer grayest

 

8)   不規則的比較級與最高級

       good                    better                  best

       well                      better                 best

       bad                      worse                   worst

       ill                         worse                   worst

       many                   more                   most

       much                   more                   most

       little                     less                       least

 

9)   例外 - 2

       沒有比較級與最高級形容詞

       excellent   top   outstanding   super   extraordinary   exceptional

       unique    only   total    single   homeless   opposite

 

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