文法 形容詞子句(關係子句) (1)

 

形容詞子句是以關係代名詞或關係副詞引導出來的子句,用來形容或修飾名詞。它本身包括主詞與動詞,是一種從屬子句(非獨立子句),所以一定要連結主要子句(獨立子句)。而這個被形容或修飾的名詞叫做先行詞。這種以關係代名詞或關係副詞所引導出來的子句,也稱為關係子句

 

形容詞子句中,常用到的關係代名詞如下:

who      – 用來修飾人,受格是whom,所有格是whose

which    – 用來修飾事與物,受格是which,所有格是whose

that       – 用來修飾人、事、物都可以。受格是that,沒有所有格。

what      是包括先行詞的關係代名詞(= the thing which)用來修飾事與物。

                   受格是what,沒有所有格。

 

各類形容詞子句的介紹:

1)   who的例句

      -     The man who is standing there is our English teacher.

            主要子句:      the man is our English teacher

            形容詞子句: who is standing there

            先行詞:          man

            who是形容詞子句的主詞

      -     Kitty wanted to make friends with Sylvia who came to our school this semester.

            主要子句:      Kitty wanted to make friends with Sylvia

            形容詞子句: who came to our school this semester

            先行詞:          Sylvia

            who是形容詞子句的主詞

      -     I had a meeting with a lady who was a famous movie star before.

            主要子句:      I had a meeting with a lady

            形容詞子句: who was a famous movie start before

            先行詞:          lady

            who是形容詞子句的主詞

2)   whom的例句

      -     That is the girl whom we met at Bills birthday party.

            主要子句:      that is the girl

            形容詞子句: whom we met at Bills birthday party

            先行詞:          girl

            whom是形容詞子句中met at的受詞

      -     In order not to get into any trouble in school, Maurice stays away from most of his friends whom he has been fooling around with.

            主要子句:      Maurice stays away from most of his friends

            形容詞子句: whom he has been fooling around with

            先行詞:          friends

            whom是形容詞子句中be fooling around with的受詞

3)   whose的例句

      -     My mom received a call from a person whose name was Kim.

            主要子句:      my mom received a call from a person

            形容詞子句: whose name was Kim

            先行詞:          person

            whose是形容詞子句中who的所有格,而主詞為whose name

      -     People should respect their teachers whose responsibilities are to educate students and keep them safe in school.

            主要子句:      people should respect their teachers

            形容詞子句: whose responsibilities are to educate students and

                                       keep them safe in school

            先行詞:          teachers

            whose是形容詞子句中who的所有格,而主詞為whose responsibilities

 

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