文法形容詞子句(關係子句) (2)

 

形容詞子句是以關係代名詞或關係副詞引導出來的子句,用來形容或修飾名詞。它本身包括主詞與動詞,是一種從屬子句(非獨立子句),所以一定要連結主要子句(獨立子句)。而這個被形容或修飾的名詞叫做先行詞。這種以關係代名詞或關係副詞所引導出來的子句,也稱為關係子句

 

形容詞子句中,常用到的關係代名詞如下:

who      – 用來修飾人,受格是whom,所有格是whose

which    – 用來修飾事與物,受格是which,所有格是whose

that       – 用來修飾人、事、物都可以。受格是that,沒有所有格。

what      是包括先行詞的關係代名詞(= the thing which)用來修飾事與物。

                   受格是what,沒有所有格。

 

各類形容詞子句的介紹()

4)   which的例句

      -     Drinks like Coke and Sprite which were bought at the supermarket are much cheaper than the ones which were bought at the convenience store.

            主要子句:      drinks like Coke and Sprite are much cheaper than the

                                       ones

            形容詞子句: which were bought at the supermarket

                                       which were bought at the convenience store

            先行詞:          drinksones

            二個which分別是二個形容詞子句的主詞

      -     I will take part in two summer camps for which my mother registered for me one month ago.

            主要子句:      I will take part in two summer camps

            形容詞子句: for which my mother registered for me one month ago

            先行詞:          camps

            which是形容詞子句中registered for me for的受詞

      -     Mr. Peterson lived in an old house which he bought 30 years ago.

            主要子句:      Mr. Peterson lived in an old house

            形容詞子句: which he bought 30 years ago

            先行詞:          house

            which 是形容詞子句中bought的受詞,而主詞為he

5)   that的例句

      -     People are usually bored with the routine activities that happens every day.

            主要子句:      people are usually bored with the routine activities

            形容詞子句: that happens every day

            先行詞:          activities

            that是形容詞子句的主詞

      -     This iPhone that I bought yesterday was quit expensive.

            主要子句:      this iPhone was quite expensive

            形容詞子句:   that I bought yesterday

            先行詞:          iPhone

            that是形容詞子句中bought的受詞

      -     Good at music and writing, she is the smartest girl that I have ever known.

            主要子句:      she is the smartest girl

            形容詞子句:   that I have ever known

            先行詞:          girl

            that是形容詞子句中have known的受詞

      -     The conclusion that we came out in the meeting was not a solid one.

            主要子句:      the conclusion was not a solid one

            形容詞子句:   that we came out in the meeting

            先行詞:          conclusion

            that是形容詞子句中came out的受詞

6)   what的例句 (= the thing which)

      -     What Richard told us was true.

            = The thing which Richard told us was true.

            主要子句:      the thing was true

            形容詞子句: what Richard told us

            先行詞:          thing

            what是形容詞子句told的受詞

      -     The netbook is just what I want to buy now.

            = The netbook is just the thing that I want to buy now.

            主要子句:      the netbook is just the thing

            形容詞子句: what I want to buy now

            先行詞:          thing

            what是形容詞子句buy的受詞

      -     I had no idea about what you told me yesterday.

            = I had no idea what you told me yesterday.

            = I had no idea about the thing that you told me yesterday.

            = I had no idea that you told me yesterday.

            主要子句:      I had no idea about the thing

            形容詞子句: what you told me yesterday

            先行詞:          thing

            what是形容詞子句told的受詞

 

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