文法 形容詞子句 特殊關係代名詞 (12)

 

假如先行詞不是一個名詞,而是一個子句。那一種關係代名詞可以修飾或形容一個子句?答案是whichas

 

關係代名詞whichas修飾或形容一個子句:

1.   He is a nice guy, which was mentioned before.

      (which關係子句的主詞)

      = He is a nice guy, as was mentioned before.

      = He is a nice guy, as mentioned before. (省略was)

      = He is a nice guy, which mentioned before. (X) 不能省略was

      = As was mentioned before, he is a nice guy.

      = As mentioned before, he is a nice guy. (省略was)

      = Which was mentioned before, he is a nice guy. (X)

which引導的關係子句不能放在主要子句的前面

2.   The sun rises in the east, as everyone knows.

      (asknows的受詞)

      = The sun rises in the east, which everyone knows.

      = As everyone knows, the sun rises in the east.

      = Which everyone knows, the sun rises in the east. (X)

      which引導的關係子句不能放在主要子句的前面

       

說明:

1)   which引導的關係子句不能放在主要子句的前面

2)   使用[ as + be + p.p. ]時,可省略[ be ]

 

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