It當虛受詞

 

It可以代替名詞子句或不定詞片語,it當虛受詞。會有虛受詞的產生是因為真正受詞太長,而造成句子不易了解(請見下面例子)

Most children take it for granted that their parents will do everything for them.

句子的主詞: Most children

                          (名詞子句

句子的動詞: take

虛受詞: that their parents will do everything for them (真正的受詞)

 

句型種類 – A  主詞 +不完全及物動詞 + it + 受詞補語 + 不定詞片語

不完全及物動詞  think – 認為, believe – 認為, find – 覺得、認為, deem – 以為, consider – 認為, make – 成為, regard – 認為,

                                   take – 當作、以為, …

1.    Do you think it right for our central bank to cut down interest rate?

2.   I thought it important for our children to learn English when they were at elementary school.

3.   Kyle finds it hard to express what he wants to say in front of a group of ladies.

4.   Sometimes students find it easy to say bad words at school.

5.   Most students consider it wrong to tell a lie to their teachers and classmates.

6.   A few of my friends believed it proper to send their children to some famous private schools. 

7.   Mrs. White makes it a rule for her twins to get up at 7:30 a.m. every morning.

8.   Most of my neighbors deem it necessary to hire cleaners to clean up our environments.

9.   Although some people think it unnecessary, we took it serious to do the introduction of our project team before we started our demonstration.

10.  Sherman’s wife didn’t like her coat and regarded it useless to buy such a thick and cheap one.

11.   I thought it better not to go there alone.

       = I thought it was better not to go there alone.

12.  I think it better for you to go there at once.

       = I think it is better for you to go there at once.

13.   I make it a rule to get up at five in the morning.

       = It is a rule with me to get up at five in the morning.

14.  I found it difficult to read this book.

       = I found it was difficult to read this book.

 

15.   You’ll find it not difficult but fun to learn English.

16.   I think it fun to climb mountains.

17.   I find it necessary to do the work.

18.  I believe it worthwhile to study hard.

19.   I deem it an honor to give this speech.

20. The high pay can make it comfortable to live in a busy city like Taipei.

21.  Many students find it exciting to play mobile games.

 

句型種類 – B  主詞 +不完全及物動詞 + it + 受詞補語 + 名詞子句

不完全及物動詞  think – 認為, believe – 認為, find – 覺得、認為, deem – 以為, consider – 認為, make – 成為, regard – 認為,

                                   take – 當作、以為, …

1.    I thought it important that our children learned English when they were at elementary school.

2.   Kyle finds it hard that he expresses what he thinks in his mind.

3.   Most students consider it wrong that they tell a lie to their teachers and classmates.

4.   I find it wonderful that he sings so well.

5.   I believe it necessary that he should work hard.

6.   The difficulty of the job made it necessary that he should do it with care.

7.   We can’t make it real that we can finish our project on time without having more manpower.

8.   Many senior high school teachers take it for granted that their students are responsible for what they do.

9.   Jack and Cindy still found it unknown how to solve the math problem.

10. Both our CEO and controller consider it impossible that our company’s revenue will grow twice or thrice as much as last year.

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台北新竹英文家教

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