文法 形容詞子句 (10)

 

之前形容詞子句只提到關係代名詞,尚未提到關係副詞。如同關係代名詞,關係副詞也是形容或修飾一個名詞。以關係副詞引導出來的形容詞子句,也稱為關係子句,它常用到的關係副詞如下:

when    – 用來修飾時間。

where    – 用來修飾地方。

why      – 用來修飾原因。

how       用來修飾方式或方法。

 

各類關係副詞引導出來的形容詞子句()

3)   why的例句

      -     This is not a good excuse why you came to office late this morning.

            = This is not a good excuse for which you came to office late this morning. (why = for which)

            = This is not a good excuse you came to office late this morning.

            (省略why)

      主要子句:            this is not a good excuse

            形容詞子句: why you came to office late this morning

            先行詞:          excuse

            why是形容詞子句的關係副詞

      -     We don’t know the reason why Ken didn’t come to the meeting.

            (形容詞子句)

            主要子句:      we dont know the reason

            形容詞子句: why Ken didnt come to the meeting

            先行詞:          reason

            why是形容詞子句的關係副詞

            = We dont know why Ken didnt come to the meeting. (名詞子句)

            (省略 the reason)

            = We dont know the reason Ken didnt come to the meeting.

-    The reason why Nick doesnt like Tammy is very important.

            這個句子的主詞:      the reason

            這個句子的動詞:      is

            這個句子的補語:      very important

            形容詞子句:           why Nick doesnt like Tammy ()

            why是形容詞子句的關係副詞

            整句的意思是:           Nick不喜歡Tammy的原因是很重要的。

      = The reason Nick doesnt like Tammy is very important.

      = Why Nick doesnt like Tammy is very important. (名詞子句)

 

注意:
1)   請特別留意省略與取代的例子。

 

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